Article 2. Permanent Peace - Standards for building democratic nations

Preface

Who has placed a lock on our country and will not allow us to go out? Who is plundering our human dignity and our people's sovereignty? Who is cooperating with totalitarian powers to tighten our chains and push us behind the iron gate of an autocratic government? Who will not let us practice global governance and human rights standards? Who will not let our model for global elections and talents be used? Who is the enemy of our permanent peace and development? The answer is not "others", it is our "own" party government, a government supported by the hard-earned money of our taxpayers.

Therefore

The Charter for Permanent Peace, the Human Unity Constitution and the Strategic Constitution/Art of War form the second main point of democratic unity. These are aimed at the era when the process of human civilization arrives at the global village. Global government and a family of human beings is possible and must be achieved. These political entities will interpret and enforce international law.

In fact, the world government already has an administrative level above existing nations. Most people have confidence in international institutions such as the UN, the International Criminal Court, Interpol, the International Monetary Fund, the World Trade Organization, the World Bank, the World Health Organization, the Universal Postal Union, the International Olympic Committee, the International Hydrographic Organization and the World Conservation Union. Also, various supranational consortia such as the European Union, the African Union, the Organization of American States, the Union of South American Nations and ASEAN form the prototype for a world government system.

Solutions for the contemporary international political dilemma and peaceful development should be based on changes in domestic political systems, creating a system of peace and development in which humans can function permanently, making the whole world a "global village" linked by law and reason." This document displays ten general principles of the constitution that affect the most far-reaching institutional sectors of the system. It proposes methods for permanent peace and development from the past and the present and demonstrates the ideals a community for the common destiny humans.

Given that the 21st century is a watershed that will determine the future of democracy and autocracy, peace and destruction of mankind, Taiwan is a beacon for human democracy and a democratic savior for 1.4 billion Chinese. Because there are no language and cultural barriers, only Taiwan has the ability to evolve the CCP toward democracy and upgrade it. Once the Chinese people have a constitution of great unity, the focus will turn to the transformation of Russia. This set of constitutions for permanent peace and global democracy runs through various political ideas in human history and will end the confrontation between various nationalisms.

Looking at the lessons of history, we find the base in "form a family, found a business and build a nation." If rulers pay attention to hardware alone and neglect the software, it will lead to blind spots and form vacuums. The world's democracies should support [Taiwan] and its model of the Charter for Permanent Peace and compare the advantages and disadvantages of the Constitution to eliminate blind spots, fill in vacuums, and further attract the Chinese people to bravely move toward democratization. This will force Russia to be more democratic and overturn the 50 dictatorships still shackling their people. This will finally end the threat of uncontrollable nuclear warfare, domestic chaos and extinction that hangs over countless nations

Using [Taiwan]’s culture and experience to accelerate entry into the next century is not an impossible dream, but rather a glorious goal that will save the country and save the world. To this end, [Taiwan] and the 2/3 of the world’s people living under the threat of authoritarianism will lose only the chains and walls, violence and lies that constrain them, while citizens of second-rate nations and sub-colonies that have never changed will gradually join in to complete the unfinished great cause of the UN - great democracy for all humanity.

Section 1. Permanent Peace Standard 2.1 (Democratic nations, a democratic world)

1. Establish democracy. The building of [Taiwan] has made it a hallowed model for politics, economy, society, culture, peace and development under democracy. Everyone can serve as a peaceful messenger of democracy to the world [1] - a key principle in realizing permanent peace. (See the Foreword for details)

2. Democratic diplomacy. The state should use universal democracy as a prerequisite in handling all international relations.

3. Democratic governance. No democratic operation should be decided unilaterally. The administrative system shall adopts a double-leader system; while legislation and judicial and procuratorial operations should all follow a cooperative approach.

4. Democratic constitutions. The real purpose of democracy is to ensure fair "allocation" of all resources. Demonstrating "great democracy" in global action is a basic obligation of the state.

Section 2. Permanent Peace Standard 2.2 (Ensure that democracy will lead Asia in coming centuries)

1. It is the constitutional obligation of all state organs and public officials to ensure that democracy will not lag behind that of other nations, and that global democracy will guide the global village in coming centuries.

2. All international laws that are conducive to the protection of democracy shall constitute part of domestic law. They take precedence over domestic laws and constitutions, with direct bearing on the rights and obligations of the [Taiwan] people.

3. All laws and laws that are conducive to the protection of democracy shall constitute part of the Constitution and laws of the nation so that people will be more likely to benefit from the law and receive substantial legal aid. The State shall not exclude any laws without due process.

4. The design of the national legislative, administrative, procuratorial and judicial systems should seek mechanisms that have no common shortcomings and offer the advantage of continuous innovation (according to § 5 to § 8) in order to attract the oppressed peoples of the world to bravely follow and do their best. This is the eternal mission of permanent peace.

Section 3. Permanent Peace Standard 2.3 (People's sovereignty takes precedence over the Constitution – people have the exclusive right to draft and amend constitutions)

1. The only way to ensure basic human rights is to entrust sovereignty to the people. National sovereignty completely and unconditionally belongs to the people.

2. The right to draft and amend constitutions [2] belongs only to the people, and the state, its organs, and civil servants must not interfere with, deprive or limit this right.

3. Constitutional procedures are subject to fair democratic principles [3] , or the referendum law of a fully democratic country, or the referendum law of the constitution [§1.4].

4. [Taiwan] is a pioneer in the realization of global governance by the UN and a political entity that demonstrates the common spirit, co-governance and sharing of the global village. Constitutional amendments must not violate international law and the purposes of the UN.

5. Draft constitutional amendments [4] shall be proposed by the People's Liaison Office and pass the referendum threshold, be submitted to the National Legislature for improvement and be approved by all 2/3 members of the Legislature, then sent to the Chief Justice for preliminary examination and approval. After a second reading in the Legislature, 2/3 of all lawmakers must approve the draft. After that it shall be submitted to z referendum, and a majority of voters must approve. Voting on constitutional amendments shall be mandatory for all citizens.

6. Constitutional provisions that have essential importance and are the basis for the existence of a normative order include: § 1.1, §1.2, §1.3, §1.5, §1.6, §1.7; §2.1, §2.2, §2.3, §2.4; §3.1, §3.2, §3.3, §3.4, §3.5; §4.1, §4.3, §4.4, §4.9; §5.1, §5.3; §6.1, §6.4; §7.1, §7.3, §7.4, §7.8, §7.10; §8.1, §8.3, §8.4. and further amendments [5] may not be considered.

Section 4. Permanent Peace Standard 2.4 (Open positions - elected heads are not limited by nationality)

1. Those who have reached the age of 25 have the right to run for members of Community Development Associations and for representatives of the township and township. Those who are 30 years old or older have the right to run for township mayor and county and city councils; those who are 40 years old or older can run for the county magistrate and the members of the county council; Those who are 45 years old have the right to be appointed prime minister; those who are 50 years old have the right to run for president.

2. Ensure permanent peace and development, leading the way to global democracy, practicing constitutional standards, and building global competitiveness. In addition to representatives of public opinion (aka the people's generation), elected heads of government agencies including: the chairman of village and community development associations, township heads, county magistrates, mayors of municipalities and the president are not restricted by nationality; all citizens of a fully democratic country may come to [Taiwan] to participate in elections, to help implement global government and to attract talent [6] (§6.3, §6.5).

3. Democratically elected heads shall serve a single term of five years, and for six years after expiration of the term of office or death, neither the person nor his/her close relatives shall be eligible to run for office and shall avoid any attempted to take advantage of relations; at the same time, all due benefits shall remain unchanged [7] .

4. When there is only one candidate for president, if the number of votes received is less than 1/3 the total number of voters [8] , and the number in other localities is less than 1/4, the election shall be nullified and a completely new election shall be held.

5. When a foreigner is elected president, in accordance with election procedures for the European Commissioner, on taking office he/she shall swear and attest that he/she will be totally independent of his/her native country and will obtain the citizenship of this nation. He/she shall pledge to fulfill all duties and obligations in accordance with this Constitution and the law. (According to §3.6: Constitutional Guarantors).

6. A democratically-elected president may not have multiple nationalities or permanent residence in another nation. Anyone who refuses to accept the concept of One World under One Set of Laws shall not be a candidate in public elections or hold public office. Anyone who conceals nationality or permanent residence in another country shall be subject to legal sanctions with no statutory limitation. .

7. Except as specified in this Constitution, in order to encourage international elites to participate in elections, they may do so if they are from a completely free and democratic country, support One World under One Set of Laws, and have held that nationality for more than 30 years. If at any time during the past 30 years the person in question has had multiple nationalities or permanent residency, he/she must still meet the qualification of coming from a completely free and democratic country.

8. Under unity, foreign talents shall be recruited and compensated. All world elites may come to Taiwan to run in elections and serve the voters. Their treatment and honors must not be lower than those accorded anyone in equivalent positions around the world. Comparison criteria shall take into account the fact that the national population may be larger than that of our country.

9. Any elected head of this nation must compete with global elites to prove that he/she is a world-class elite of the same level and competitive internationally, and that he/she stands ready to pursue [Taiwan]ization of the world in the future.

10. Dates for re-election of president and titles of candidates shall be announced on a monthly basis, and each global contemporary elite shall be certified as a member of the people’s generation.

Section 5. Permanent Peace Standard 2.5 (Open political parties - political parties from fully democratic countries)

1. The aims and activities of any organization must meet the requirements of "natural, just, fair" and "freedom, democracy, human rights" and other universal concepts. They must also meet the requirements of "Permanent Peace and Sustainable Development" and "One World under One Set of Laws.” The requirements regarding Permanent Peace and Sustainable Development shall have the full force of law, and any action which obstructs this requirement shall be deemed unconstitutional. Whether it is unconstitutional or not shall be determined by the Constitutional Court.

2. The formation of political parties is undertaken to exercise the political views of the people. Political parties are free to form, but their internal organization must conform to democratic principles. Except as provided in this Constitution, political parties are prohibited from corporate investment for profit or in media enterprises.

3. Political parties or party members are forbidden to accept funds from abroad. All political parties shall publicly state the sources and uses of its funds and properties and shall accept review by a fair organ in accordance with the law.

4. No organization may hold secret meetings. All political parties of a secret nature or with secret associated organizations shall be prohibited, and responsible individuals shall bear legal responsibility.

5. Political parties may not establish organizations or engage in activities in state agencies or local self-governing organs, armed forces, state-owned enterprises, or educational institutions.

6. Open political parties means that parties from democratic countries may participate in the development of human civilization projects. Any political party in a fully democratic country that has a member in the legislature may set up branches in Taiwan to promote its ideas, recommend candidates to run for president according to law, accept political party subsidies according to law, and become a constitutional guarantor in accordance with the constitution (§3. 4 ).

7. Foreign political parties active in Taiwan may use radio stations, television stations and Internet platforms freely according to law and in accordance with their own political party rules. Any international public opinion representative must utilize the free communication channels in his/her own country to promote the concepts of freedom, democracy, human rights and rule of law.

8. Political parties shall be completely clean of graft and corruption, and shall be fully and unconditionally loyal to all taxpayers. Foreign political parties or party members may not waive their obligation to be loyal to domestic taxpayers.

9. Any purpose of political parties, associations and their party members' actions or activities, that violate criminal law or the basic order of freedom and democracy, or international law and the UN Charter, or are intended to damage or destroy the basic order of freedom or democracy or to endanger democracy in [Taiwan], together with those who exist or who violate the international understanding should be prohibited. Deprivation of the qualifications of political parties and their scope shall be decided upon by the supranational constitutional court [9] .

10. Political parties have an obligation to jointly defend freedom and democracy. Political parties also have the power to supervise, exercise checks and balances, and bring suit against other political parties for unconstitutional and illegal activities, and to exercise their right to sue directly in the Constitutional Court.

Section 6. Permanent Peace Standard 2.6 (Open Legislation - Global participation in national legislation)

1. Construct a universal democratic legal system to change the current state of international relations, deepen global democracy and achieve a Constitution for humanity [10] . Under co-opetition in legislation, all nations — friend or foe — may send one member to the national legislature [11] (two in the case of bicameral assemblies) on behalf of their own legislature to participate in our legislation. A motion that has a direct interest in the representative’s home country shall carry voting rights, while other rights and obligations will be the same as those of native nationality. [Connection 5]

2. In addition to cases where the preceding paragraph allows foreign participation in our country's legislature, lawmakers from other countries shall have the right to attend the national assembly from time to time, and have the right to speak but without the right to vote.

3. The above-mentioned representatives have the right to speak in their mother tongue in accordance with the law, and at least one representative of each standing and ad hoc committee of the national assembly may participate. Whether it is a meeting or a speech to Taiwan, an attendance fee shall be paid equivalent to what is given to national representatives.

4. Local council members in fully democratic countries may speak in their native language in local councils in our country. Local councils or special administrative district council members at all levels in other countries may attend or give speeches at our national or local councils.

5. Any public opinion representative in the country has an obligation to lead the voters to participate in operations and participate in higher-level public opinion organs according to law, but without the right to vote.

6. The implementation procedures for global participation in Congressional legislation are determined by law.

Section 7. Permanent Peace Standard 2.7 (Open Constitutions - Global Agreement on Constitutions, Global Review of Unconstitutional Actions)

1. Leading to all laws in one. To construct a global legal system, we confirm and guarantee that constitutions are drawn up with more than 99% [12] agreement with global standards. (According to § 4.2, § 4.3).

2. Lead the world to develop of constitutional standards and guarantee the world's human rights standards: both global and national courts have universal jurisdiction and review rights of unconstitutional actions (§ 8.4 Constitutional Court).

3. Deliver the full value of the Charter for Permanent Peace. [Taiwan] provides solutions to the world and provides hope for the world through practicing paradigm shifts; let the world see [Taiwan], to witness that [Taiwan] has become a democratic model for repairing common law for the world.

4. Be more progressive and specific in leading to the opening of permanent peace for human beings. See Co-opetition Legislation (§5), Co-opetition Administration (§6), Co-opetition Prosecution (§7), and Co-opetition Trials (§8).

Section 8. Permanent Peace Standard 2.8 (Democratic Responsibility - Defense of Democracy)

1. The democratic constitutional order is inviolable [13] . Anyone who abuses democracy to attack the basic order of democracy shall be deprived of their basic rights and subject to legal sanctions. Any media engaged in attacking democracy shall be ordered to suspend business and fully cut back its right to speak. Violators shall lose access to use of radio broadcasting.

2. Democracy cannot be betrayed. Any member who has been sworn to loyalty to all taxpayers, who is guilty of actions such as rebellion against the country, or offering help or comfort to enemies outside the country [14] , shall not be a member of parliament or a candidate for president. Such violators may not hold public office in the central or local government, or receive any reward or compensation [15] .

3. Democracy. The earth is our homeland, and human beings are our family. As long as there is another person on earth who still lives under the oppression of authoritarian dictatorship, all [Taiwan] persons who bears the fate of a democratic vocation shall have a natural obligation to remove the victim’s shackles.

4. The fate of public officials. Democracy is the foundation of lasting peace and sustainable development. All public officials should support actions to save a person who is an authoritarian slave. This mission means saving the world on behalf of the country, and is part of the mission to build a community of human [16] destiny.

5. Government Responsibility: Regardless of the nationality of those involved, the state shall grant honors and compensation to those who make democratic contributions to the community for human destiny. Regardless of the territory or territory, all awards and donations shall be tax-free in full and tax deductible.

6. Global democratization is the foundation of world peace. There are only two paths for humanity in the future: peace and destruction (see: reading). Peace is the truth; permanent peace is the eternal truth; the Charter for Permanent Peace is the path to eternal truth. To this end, the state should formulate a budget to promote global democracy, provide an omnipotent constitution to end chaos and internal affairs in the government, and fulfil the mission of avoiding nuclear war.

Section 9. Permanent Peace Standard 2.9 (Democracy in Education - Consolidating Democracy)

1. Democracy. Promote global democracy, promote constitutional standards (ISO), improve resource allocation and promote permanent peace; these are the most sacred rights of the people and the most urgent obligations of the state.

2. Democracy is a government that exercises power and civic responsibility through all citizens - directly or through their freely elected representatives.

3. Democracy is a series of principles and behaviors that protect human freedom; it is an institutionalized manifestation of freedom.

4. Democracy is based on the principle of majority decision while respecting the rights of individuals and minorities. All democracies strive to protect the fundamental rights of individuals and minorities while respecting the wishes of the majority.

5. Popular democracy does not hold the central government to be supreme. The government's power must be decentralized and balanced. From central to local levels, it must be open to the people and respond to their demands.

6. Democratic governments know that their primary function is to protect basic human rights such as freedom of speech and religion, to protect the right of equality before the law, and to protect people's opportunities for organization and full participation in social, political, economic and cultural life.

7. Democracies regularly hold free and fair elections with participation by all citizens. Elections in democratic nations will not produce false decorations for a dictator or a one-party dictatorship, but rather a real competition for support from the people.

8. Democracy enables governments to follow the rule of law, ensuring that all citizens receive equal legal protection and their rights are protected by the judicial system.

9. The diversity of democratic systems reflects the respective political, social and cultural characteristics of each nation. Determining a democratic system is its basic principle, not a specific form.

10. In a democratic country, citizens not only enjoy rights; they also have the responsibility to participate in the political system, and their rights and freedoms are protected through this system.

11. Democratic societies pursue the values of tolerance, cooperation and compromise. Democracies recognize that consensus needs to be compromised, but consensus cannot always be achieved [17] .

12. Democracies educate the people to "defend national sovereignty and democracy", "courage and commitment", "responsibility and judgment," etc.

Section 10. Permanent Peace Standard 2.10 (Democratic Culture - Deeper Democracy)

1. [Taiwan] shall effect participation of world citizens in world democracy and participating in government management. Citizens of fully democratic countries have public participation rights at all levels and all citizenship rights at the local level.

2. In the face of global changes, global citizens connect with other citizens in the [Taiwan] ministries or congressional platforms through the internet to establish collective decision-making capabilities and jointly lead to the big era in the future.

3. Petitions shall be presented and developed on the internet, with no limits as to nationality or class; they also have free access to the media according to law. Within 100 days, if more than 10 people petition the village chief, said chief must respond; if there are more than 100 supporters, the township head must respond; if more than 1,000, the county magistrate must respond; if more than 10,000, the municipal mayor of a cabinet minister must respond; and more than 100,000 the President or Prime Minister must respond. If it is a legislative matter, a relevant legislator must present the case for discussion [18] . If it belongs to procuratorial or judicial areas, it should be handled in accordance accordingly. If more than 1 million global citizens are involved, the state has no right to interfere and it should be subjected to a referendum. Anyone who does not offer a reasonable response to petitions shall be presumed to be acting unconstitutionally and the petition may be converted into a lawsuit.

4. No one may sign two referendum proposals at the same level within 120 days. This paragraph should be accompanied by an electronic file.

5. The general principles for ensuring participation of the world's citizens in politics, decision-making, legislation or petitions and litigation shall be prescribed by law.

6. The national legislative, administrative, procuratorial, and judicial organs shall separately set up petition committees to handle requests and petitions from the world's citizens to the highest state organs.

7. Buildings that house relevant state organs should have an outward appearance that symbolizes "universal democracy".

[1] The Democracy Index (2015) shows that the top 20 fully democratic countries are accounted for 8.9% of the world's population.

[2] American political scientist Gene Sharp has pointed out that the principle of implementing democratic constitutionalism with the participation of all citizens in the formulation is an important way to prevent the recurrence of authoritarianism and help plant the roots of a democratic constitutional government. Taiwan scholar Sui, Du-Ging notes that constitution-making is a political act and belongs to the dimension of supra-statutory law, which is not governed by existing constitutions.

[3] Among all laws in the world, there are no such law as “constitution-making law”; the only approach is to find relevant laws which fit the issues. The general will of the citizens, which is beyond the constitution, is the foundation of establishing a nation and the constitutional government. Therefore, it shall not be bounded by the laws of the state. When citizens choose to follow fair democratic principles, or the referendum law of a fully democratic country, or the procedural provisions of the laws regarding referendum written in in this Constitutional to demonstrate its will in drafting the constitution, the decision shall be considered "permitted" rather than "applicable."

[4] Those who hold power are the ones who love dallying with constitutional amendments the most. History has repeatedly shown that when constitutional amendments are handled by those in power, the rights of the people are invariably abused.

[5] See Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany §79. ” Amendments to this Basic Law affecting the division of the Federation into Länder, their participation in principle in the legislative process, or the principles laid down in Articles 1 and 20 shall be inadmissible.” Taiwan's Constitutional Court ruled the J.Y. Interpretation (No. 499, No.721) are of essential importance and are the basis for the existence of a normative order. If the amendments are allowed to be changed, the overall constitutional order of the Constitution will be destroyed, and the legitimacy of the amendment will be lost.

[6] Immanuel Kant, Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch , §3. “The Law of World Citizenship Shall Be Limited to Conditions of Universal Hospitality”.

 

[7] The never-changing rule is that fair remuneration is sufficient to sustain one’s integrity. Good treatment can cultivate clean behavior, making one feel that work is valuable with personal dignity. When the people have enough food and clothing, they will know what is honor.

[8] The Korean Constitution , §67.3: "When there is only one candidate for president, and the number of votes cast in favor of the candidate is less than one-third of the total number of voters, the election shall not be considered valid.” Chinese-English version of the Omnibus of World Constitutions, editor, Chien-ming Huang.

[9] See Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany §21.2.

[10] To strengthen the promotion of international peace and cooperation through the cooperation of among parliamentarians of all countries. We consider issues concerned by our nation and the world, and strongly arouse the actions of the Parliaments of all countries to promote the Unity of the World.

[11] Countries with s ingle legislative branch may assign one legislator, countries with dual legislative branches may assign two legislator as representatives participate in the l eg i sl at u re o f the Pa rliament.

[12] There are 249 political entities in the world. Since the law of the United Constitutes domestic law and it is decided that there is no reason for another country to object, the presumption is 99% complete.

[13] The democratic constitution has a mechanism of self-defense, which recognizes that the only cure for the evils of democracy is more democracy.

[14] Taiwan Criminal Law §102 Crimes of Endangering National Security: “Whoever colludes with foreign states in plotting to harm the motherland's sovereignty, territorial integrity and security is to be sentenced to life imprisonment or not less than ten years of fixed-term imprisonment. Whoever commits the crimes in the preceding paragraph in collusion with institutions, organization, or individuals outside the country shall be punished according to the stipulations in the preceding paragraph.”

[15] See Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution (§14.3).

[16] The term "constructing the community of human destiny" as used herein refers to the concept adopted by China and adopted by the UN General Assembly resolution of March 11, 2017.

[17] Mahatma Gandhi said: "Intolerance is itself a form of violence and an obstacle to the growth of a true democratic spirit."

[18] The UK House of Commons established the Petitions Committee on June 17, 2015, and on July 20 of the same year, an electronic petition website (petition.parliament.uk) was set up to allow British citizens or residents to follow national issues. Parliament has stipulated that the government must respond to E-petitions signed by more than 10,000 citizens, and petitions signed by more than 100,000 must be debated in Parliament. Similar criteria apply in the US.